Welcome to our Tours in Peru
Home to the famous Unesco protected site of Machu Picchu, Peru boast numerous
ancient Inca sites to include the little known Kuelap. it is home to the famous
Lake Titicaca, the incredible Amazon, not to mention the enigmatic and unusual
ancient Nazca lines, in the Atacama desert.
on the central part of western South America, Peru is hemmed in by the
Pacific Ocean .It covers an area of 1,285,215 km2 (about the combined size
of Spain, France and Italy) making it one of the 20 largest countries on Earth.
History: Before the arrival of the first Europeans, most of the Peru
belonged to the Inca empire that extended from present-day
to central Chile. The Incas conquered the
Andean people and fostered among the most advanced of ancient American
civilizations. The Inca Empire ended with the conquest of its heartland and
Capital Cuzco (1531-1533) by the Spaniards under Francisco Pizarro.
In 1535, Lima was founded and soon became the capital of the Viceroyalty of
Peru. The establishment of the viceroyalties of New Granada (1739) in the north
and La Plata (1776) in the south greatly reduced the extent and power of the
colonial administration centered in Lima. Peru declared its independence in
1821, following an uprising by local European (Creole) inhabitants against the
Spanish colonial rule, which came to an end only in late 1824.Peru went to war
with Spain (1864-1871); and then in 1879 Peru, together with Bolivia,
fought a four-year war with Chile
over possession of the nitrate-rich northern part of the Atacama desert. During
the first half of the twentieth century, Peru had eighteen presidents many of
whom assumed dictatorial powers. A boundary dispute with Colombia was settled in
1932 by the withdrawal of Peru from a large area in the Amazon plain. A boundary
dispute with Ecuador
was settled after a short war in favor of Peru (1942), but the dispute was
revived in 1981.
is home to almost 10% of all mammals and reptiles living on the planet, more
that 20% of the Earth's birds, and between 40.000 and 50.000 of its vascular
plants. Further, on one single tree in the Tambopata jungle in Peru's southeast,
scientists identified over 5 000 different species. In one square kilometre of
Amazon Rainforest, up to 117 different tree species can exist with those trees
near the canopy reaching heights of 200 feet.
Peru is a land of geographical
complexity and striking beauty, with the marked contrast between the Andes
Mountains , the arid Atacama Desert in the east, and the lush forests of the
Amazon. Geographically, Peru consist of three different zones or regions.
The Peruvian highlands, are a
mountainous area dominated by the Andes . Here, the dry season (from April to
October), is marked by warm dry days and cold nights, and the rainy season
(November to March), when there are frequent rain showers.
The coast of Peru features the
northern extension of the Atacama Desert , with beautiful beaches and fertile
valleys. The Andes to the east and the cold Humboldt Current that runs along the
coast are what make this area so arid.
By contrast, the Jungle includes a
vast region of tropical vegetation in the Amazon River Basin , home to Peru 's
largest natural reserves. The vast Peruvian jungle, which surrounds the wide and
winding Amazon river, is divided into two areas: the cloud forest (above 700
masl), and the lowland jungle (below 700 masl).